糖尿病离你还远吗?

糖尿病

你知道吗?每五个大马人民就有一名患有糖尿病,其中二型糖尿病者占多数。糖尿病,真的与你无关吗?

糖尿病是因遗传和环境因素相互作用而导致内分泌失调的代谢疾病。糖尿病的病发原因是胰岛素分泌不足及胰岛素敏感性降低,导致代谢凌乱。胰岛素是胰岛分泌的一种荷尔蒙。主要功能是把养分输入我们身体的组织细胞, 提供细胞运作所需要的能量。

由于糖尿病的初期症状不明显,所以一旦身体出现明显的症状时,病情已经进入中期或晚期。大部分的根治方法都只对初期病情承效,因此对于糖尿病我们应做到积极的预防,不要等到糖尿病缠上你的时候才后悔莫及。

你该如何检测早期糖尿病?

你可以透过进行糖化血红素(HbA1c) 检测来判定自己是否罗患糖尿病,并且建议每三个月检查一次如果你的糖化血红素值一直在5.7 – 6.4% 之间徘徊,这表示患上糖尿病的风险已增加。此时,你因该多注意自己的饮食习惯,体重的变化和增加运动,同时坚持定期体检,给予自己的健康一个急转弯的机会。

慢性并发症是糖尿病患者致死的主因

糖尿病前期患者容易感觉疲倦,饥饿,口渴,尿频,体重下降或视力模糊,但是这些症状往往容易被人忽视,发现得太晚而延误了治疗,导致病情失控。糖尿病可怕之处于它容易引起各种慢性并发症。最为常见的是心血管并发症,导致糖尿病患者中风,视网膜病变,神经病变和心肌病等。

糖尿病一般需要依靠服用药物控制,严重者则需注射胰岛素。遗憾的是,糖尿病并不能药到病除。若要控制好血糖,除了定时服用药物外其实控制饮食与运动比药物治疗来的更重要!

糖尿病患者该怎么吃?

糖尿病患者需慎选食物以控制糖类摄入, 同时日常饮食应以均衡至上,而非少吃或不吃。建议糖尿病患者可摄取五谷杂粮,如素面,燕麦面,玉米面等富含维生素B,多种微量元素及食物纤维的主食,或多摄取可降低血糖和血脂的豆类及豆制品。豆类食品富含蛋白质,无机盐和维生素,豆油含不饱和脂肪酸,能降低血清胆固醇及甘油三酯。

“隐糖”是控制血糖的主要关键。建议多摄取高纤维的食物可延长身体吸收碳水化合物的时间,减低对胰岛素的要求 (glycaeinic index)。此外,患者还可以尝试服用蜂胶,有助降低血糖及预防糖尿病并发症。

小伤口可演变成截肢

糖尿病患者最恐惧的莫过于伤口溃烂感染。导致截肢厄运。截肢的主要原因是血管阻塞导致血液循环变弱,氧气无法被输送到身体各部位,导致伤口无法愈合。由于糖尿病患者的免疫系统非常弱,一旦伤口没有得到适当的处理就容易感染尤其是足部,甚至会造成肌肉组织坏死,唯有截肢以阻止情况恶化,如果发现有小伤口,哪怕只是刮伤,也不能大意,要小心处理。

适当的护理足部可以帮助促进血液循环及降低伤口感染的风险。建议每天检查足部,确保无伤口或感染以及每天用温水及温和的肥皂清洗足部,并轻轻地抹干脚部,特别是趾缝之间部位以避免过于潮湿导致菌类增长。若有需要,可抹上润肤液。

我们该学习如何与糖尿病和谐共存,而不要总是想着去战胜它!

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糖尿病 Medigold 对控制血糖有很大帮助 – 下载

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Diabetes is Closer To Home Than You Think

Did you know that one in every five Malaysians is diagnosed with diabetes, and that Type 2 diabetes accounts for the majority of those living with it? Is diabetes truly an issue that is not of your concern?

Diabetes is primarily attributed to a combination of genetic and lifestyle factors, resulting in a metabolic disease that impairs the endocrine system. It is caused by the lack of insulin secretion and reduced insulin sensitivity. Leading to metabolic disorders. Insulin is a hormone secreted by islets. Its main function is to allow nutrients from the foods we eat into the body’s cell as energy for cellular processes.

As the initial symptoms of diabetes are not obvious, hence when the signs are more recognizable the disease would have already entered its moderate or late phases. Mostly of the treatments for diabetes are only effective for the initial stages of the condition; thus it is imperative that we take proactive preventive measures against diabetes for the sake of our health before it’s too late.

How do we detect the early symptoms of diabetes?

You can take the glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) test to determine whether or not you have diabetes, and it is recommended that you perform this check-up once every three months. If your glycated hemoglobin reading hovers in the 5.7 – 6.4% spectrum. It’s an indication that the risk of developing diabetes has increased. Moreover, watch your eating habits, weight changes and exercise more, while performing regular medical check-ups to ensure that your health has a chance to change for the better.

Chronic complications are the main cause of death in diabetic patients

Those with prediabetes often feel lethargic, hungry, and thirsty; as well as have a need for frequent urination and suffer from weight loss and blurred vision. However these symptoms tend to be overlooked; causing the condition to escalate as treatment for diabetes is delayed. However, the frightening part of diabetes is the fact that it causes a variety of chronic complications, the most common of which is the cardiovascular kind, which leads to strokes, diabetic retinopathy, diabetic neuropathy, and heart disease.

Most diabetics become dependent on medication to keep their condition in check, while those with more serious cases of the condition require insulin injections. But unfortunately, diabetes is a disease that is incurable, even with medicine. To keep our blood sugar levels in control, aside from regular medication, having a good diet and getting exercise is in fact much more important!

What should diabetics eat?

Diabetics need to carefully select what they eat in order to control their carbohydrate intake. However, they should be mindful that a balanced daily diet is of the utmost priority. It is suggested that diabetics introduce whole grains as a staple part of their diet, such as oatmeal, buckwheat noodles, whole wheat, corn meal and other rich in Vitamin B, trace mineral and fiber food. They are not only high in protein, inorganic salts and vitamins, but soybean oil contains unsaturated fatty acids, which helps to lower serum cholesterol and triglycerides.

Steady Sugar is the key to controlling one’s blood sugar. Having plenty of high-fibre foods can extend the time needed for the body to absorb carbohydrates after eating, preventing spikes in blood sugar levels by reducing the need for insulin (glycaemic index). In addition, diabetics can also try propolis, as it helps to lower blood sugar levels and prevent complications related to diabetes.

How minor wounds can turn into full-fledged amputations

Perhaps one of the greatest fears of diabetics is that their wounds may become infected and left to fester, leading to an amputation. The reason for amputations is due to vascular obstruction, which weakens blood circulation, hence causing difficulty in transporting oxygen to various parts of the body and hindering the wound’s healing process. Diabetics have a weak immune system, making their wounds susceptible to infections if not treated properly, especially the foot. It may even cause tissue necrosis. Amputation is often used as a means to prevent the condition of the patient from deteriorating. If diabetics find minor wounds on their bodies, even the smallest of scratches shouldn’t be overlooked and must be handled with care.

Having proper care for the foot region helps to promote blood circulation and reduce the risk of wound infection. Check the feet daily to ensure that there are no wounds or infections in the area, and it is advised to make washing the feet with warm water and mild soap a daily routine. After cleaning, gently wipe the soles and especially between the toe joints to avoid excessive moisture, which may encourage bacterial growth. If required, slather on some lotion as well.

We should learn to coexist with diabetes, instead of finding ways to rebel against it.

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